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Ukuhlanza kungumsizi omuhle olungele izigidi eziyishumi

Isikhathi: 2009-03-02 Ukushaya: 13

Vacuum cleaner isikhathi eside

Ngo-1901, i-Imperial Hall of Civil Engineers Booth e-Leicester Square e-London ukuvakashela e-United States Igumbi lemibukiso yothuli. Lo mshini onomoya ocindezelwe othulini ovutheleke emkhunjini, uBooth ukholelwa ukuthi le ndlela ayihlakaniphile, ngoba abaningi abakwazanga ukushaywa isitsha sothuli. Kamuva, wayephambene, wenza indlela yokuhlola i-vacuum elula kakhulu: isandla sikaPameng engalweni yesihlalo, neduku phambi kokukhishwa komlomo okumunca, okuholela ekutheni iduku linamathisele ungqimba lothuli. Ngakho wenza isicoci se-vacuum, esinepayipi eliqinile lokumunca iphampu yomoya ngesikhwama sokuhlunga uthuli. Agasti 1901 I-Booth inelungelo lobunikazi, isicoci se-vacuum futhi yasungula inkampani, kodwa ayizithengisi izihlanzi. Yena injini uphethiloli elishayelwa futha ogibele inqola, isevisi umnyango nomnyango, ipayipi elide kusukela efasiteleni ekamelweni lakhe yokuhlanza, abasebenzi inkampani egqoke amasudi. Izinkampani zenkonzo yaseBooth 1902 zabizelwa e-Xi Minsi Cathedral yokugcotshwa kuka-Edward VII, esetshenziselwa ukuhlanza ukhaphethi. Ngemva kwalokho ibhizinisi ngokuya lichuma. Ngo-1906 Umndeni wakwa-Booth wenza isicoci se-vacuum esincane, "esincane", kodwa sinesisindo esingu-88 lbs (1 lb = 0.4536 kg), esikhulu kakhulu futhi asifani neze endaweni yonke nakuba siqanjwe igama. Ngo-1907, umsunguli wase-Ohio uBrisbane Gera wenza isicoci se-vacuum esingasindi, wenziwa umqondisi esitolo, ukuze kwehliswe umthwalo wokuhlanza umata, owenziwe ngesicoci se-vacuum esinomshini wokudonsa uthuli uzodala umshini wokuvala, bese uphephetha ephaketheni. Ngenxa yokungakwazi kwakhe ukukhiqiza nokudayisa, ngo-1908 ukudluliselwa kwelungelo lobunikazi kumkhiqizi woboya u-Hoover. U-Hoover wabe eseqala ukwenza imakethe ye-vacuum cleaner yohlobo lwe-pulley "O" inhle impela, abahlanzi basekhaya bokuqala baklanywe ngendlela ephusile, intuthuko ayinalo ushintsho olukhulu kumgomo.

I-vacuum cleaner ngenani elishaqisayo

Ngokuqhubeka okuqhubekayo kwesayensi nobuchwepheshe, kanye nokwenyuka kwamazinga okuphila abantu, imikhiqizo yokuhlanza ivacuum iye yathuthukiswa kancane kancane futhi ithuthukiswa, imikhiqizo emisha ilungele ukuhlanza indlu yesimanje ngamathuluzi okuhlanza, anesikhathi sayo esihlanzekile, esonga kanye nomzamo wabantu abaphezulu kuyo yonke iminyaka. . Ikakhulukazi ngokwanda kwenani lemizi esebenzisa okhaphethi, i-vacuum cleaner ingene kuyo yonke imizi. Isicoci se-vacuum asikwazi nje ukudweba udoti phansi, kodwa futhi nokuhlanza uthuli okhaphethi, usofa, i-ottoman, iziqongo zetafula, amakhabethe, amashalofu, amakhabethe, udonga, uphahla, izibani, amakhethini, izingubo, izingubo zokulala kanye nemihlobiso yangaphakathi. Sebenzisa i-vacuum cleaner, ukugwema imishanelo, uthuli, amabhulashi okuhlanza kanye nokungcoliswa kwesibili kwendawo ezungezile, ukuze umoya ohlanzekile, nendawo enethezekile. Kusukela ngesikhathi sokugcina usebenzise isicoci se-vacuum imizuzu embalwa kuphela, amashumi emizuzu, amandla amaningi, ukusetshenziswa kwasekhaya okumaphakathi kubiza amadola ambalwa kuphela.
Eminyakeni yamuva, ukuthuthukiswa okusheshayo kwemakethe ye-vacuum cleaner yasekhaya, izinga lokukhula lonyaka liye lahlala lingaphezu kuka-15%, ngokusho kwe-National Bureau of Statistics idatha ibonisa ukuthi ngo-2002, imakethe yezindlu e-China isanda kuqala ukushisa lapho. isicoci se-vacuum sesisonke sikhuphuke ngo-41.18 %; ngo-2003, ukuqubuka kwe-"SARS" e-China, futhi iye yahlotshaniswa nempilo yezakhamuzi ezihlala endaweni ehlanzekile yenyuka ngamaphesenti angu-35.08; ngo-2004, izinga lokukhula elifanayo elingaphezu kwama-20% ngo-2005 ukuze kukhuthazwe isidingo emakethe yezindlu, ukwanda okusha okuphezulu, phezulu ngamaphesenti angu-76.71; kusukela kuMasingana kuya kuZibandlela wezi-2006, ukukhiqizwa okuqoqekile okuhlanzekile kuzwelonke kwamayunithi angama-52,285,500, uma kuqhathaniswa nesikhathi esifanayo ngo-2005 kwehle ngo-2.62%. 2006 January-December, Province Guangdong, cleaner production kwaba 19,111,400 units, up 6.69% esikhathini esifanayo ngo-2005; ngo-2006 kusukela ngoJanuwari kuya kuDisemba, esifundazweni saseJiangsu, ukukhiqizwa okuhlanzekile kwaba amayunithi angu-16,969,800, kwehle ngamaphesenti angu-11.26 esikhathini esifanayo ngo-2005. Lapho ukukhiqizwa okuhlanzekile esiFundazweni saseJiangsu, okuphakeme kakhulu ngo-2007, kusukela ngoJanuwari kuya ku-August, esifundazweni saseJiangsu, ukukhiqizwa okuhlanzekile kwaba amayunithi angu-67.14, okuwukukhula ngo-27.45% esikhathini esifanayo ngo-2007; okulandelwa yiSifundazwe sase-Guangdong, ukukhiqizwa okuhlanzekile kwaba amayunithi ayizigidi eziyi-15,318,600, okuwukunyuka ngesikhathi esifanayo ngo-24.98 kwakhuphuka ngamaphesenti ayi-2006. 14.252--2006 Imakethe yezimpahla zasendlini encane yaseShayina izoqhubeka nokukhula ngamandla, izinga lokukhula lihlala licishe libe ku-15.09% ngo-2007, usayizi wemakethe kulindeleke ukuthi ufinyelele kuma-yuan ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-2011. Emakethe ye-vacuum cleaner, umqondo wamaShayina wokusebenzisa imali kwabathengi nawo udinga ukwenza imizamo emikhulu yokuhlakulela, okungenani okwamanje, imakethe inzima kakhulu. I-United States, udrako, i-Electrolux kanye nabanye abakhiqizi basekhaya nabangaphandle nabo bathi ukuxazulula ukuntula kokuhlanza ukuqwashisa kwabathengi baseShayina kuyindaba ebaluleke kakhulu yokuthuthukiswa kwemakethe. Kodwa-ke, ngokuthuthuka okuqhubekayo kwamazinga okuphila, izinguquko ezidingweni zokuthuthukiswa kwendawo yasekhaya, nezimo zengqondo zabathengi, isidingo sokuhlanza nakanjani sibe nempumelelo entsha.

Uhlu olubanzi lwe-vacuum cleaner

Izinhlobo eziningi ze-vacuum cleaner, ngokusho komumo zingahlukaniswa zibe mpo (kuhlanganise nesigubhu), esivundlile, esiphathekayo, izinhlobo ezine ezincane. Isicoci se-vacuum esiqondile esinomphongolo noma isikwele esihlukaniswe kakhulu izingxenye ezimbili, phezulu ngenjini, ingxenye yamandla, ingxenye engezansi yebhokisi lothuli. Isicoci se-vacuum esivundlile noma imoto enjengonxande ngaphezulu, ngaphambi nangemuva kwezingxenye ezimbili, ingxenye engaphambili yebhokisi lothuli, ingxenye engemuva yenjini. Isicoci se-vacuum esiphathwayo singahlukaniswa sibe izinhlobo ezine zamafomu, umthamo wehlombe omncane, lapho usetshenziswa emuva ehlombe, ukuphuma kwamandla amancane; induku emise okwenduku, indawo engenhla yesibambo, indawo engezansi yomlomo, ukuphuma kwamandla amancane; amancane futhi ephathekayo kakhulu amancane, angasebenzisa ngqo esandleni, amandla amancane okukhiphayo; ibhethri elisetshenziswa kaningi linamandla, amancane, asetshenziselwa ukuhlanza izingubo, okokusebenza, njll., amandla amancane.
Ngokusebenzisa umsebenzi zingahlukaniswa zibe ezomile, ezimanzi futhi ezomile uhlobo, waxing kanye carpet uhlobo kanye nezinye ezine; ihlukaniswe amandla okokufaka kungaba 100,200,300,400,500,600,700,800,900,1000 , 1500,2000W okunye. Lapho amandla angaphezu kuka-800W, alungele amahhotela, izindawo zokudlela, amabhizinisi nezikhungo, lawa mandla alandelayo angu-800W, 200W noma ngaphezulu wamandla amancane, angaphansi kuka-200W wamandla amancane, ngokuvamile asetshenziswa ekhaya, isicoci samandla amancane.

Isicoci sevacuum sasekhaya esimaphakathi nesincane sime kakhulu noma sivundlile, siphansi sinamasondo, singakwazi ukuhamba ngokukhululeka, ngesibambo, ipayipi levacuum, umlomo wombhobho nezinye izesekeli.